PNR Agreements in the EU: What are they and why do they matter?

The Passenger Name Record (PNR) agreement is a data-sharing agreement entered into by the European Union (EU) and the United States (US) to enhance security and prevent terrorism. The PNR agreement requires airlines to share passenger information with the relevant authorities in both the EU and the US, including data such as names, addresses, passport details, travel dates, and payment information.

What is the purpose of the PNR agreement?

The PNR agreement is aimed at improving security measures and preventing acts of terrorism. By collecting and sharing passenger information, the authorities can identify potential risks and evaluate the likelihood of these risks. The PNR data is analyzed by specialized units of law enforcement agencies, intelligence services, and security services to identify potential threats to aviation safety and security.

What are the benefits of the PNR agreement?

The benefits of the PNR agreement include increased security, enhanced border control, and improved risk assessment. The authorities can monitor suspicious movements of passengers, such as those identified as high-risk individuals by security agencies. The PNR data provides intelligence to the authorities and allows them to take measures to prevent terrorist attacks or other criminal activities.

What are the potential drawbacks of the PNR agreement?

The PNR agreement has been criticized for compromising privacy and data protection. The collection and processing of personal data of passengers, particularly sensitive data such as payment details, may put their privacy at risk. The PNR agreement has been challenged by privacy advocates, who argue that the data collected should be used strictly for security purposes and not for other purposes such as profiling or commercial use.

How does the PNR agreement affect EU citizens?

The PNR agreement affects EU citizens traveling to the US or passing through US airports. Passengers are required to provide their personal data to the airlines before boarding, and this data is then shared with the authorities. EU authorities are also entitled to access PNR data for flights originating or arriving in the EU.


The PNR agreement is a sensitive issue that raises concerns regarding privacy and security. While it is aimed at enhancing security measures and preventing terrorism, it impinges on the privacy of travelers and may be used for other purposes. The EU authorities have tried to strike a balance between security and privacy by implementing safeguards to protect the data collected. The PNR agreement is an important tool in the fight against terrorism but must be used with caution and vigilance to ensure that it is not misused.